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Higher Ed Round-up...... September 29, 1997
Scholars question posting research on the Web
In an effort to provide free, unlimited access to its students' work, Virginia Tech is requiring its graduate students to post their master's theses and doctoral dissertations online. Virginia Tech officials also see Web publishing as a way to avoid working within the small and very costly scholarly journal publishing system. Unfortunately, many journal publishers want to be the first to disseminate new research and so refuse to consider work that has been posted online.
An editorial in the August 2 edition of the Charlotte News and Observer supported North Carolina State University's recent moves to post research on the Internet. According to the paper, "An innovative program at N.C. State University hopes to make more of the fruits of academic research available via the Internet. Rather than stashing doctoral dissertations in the relatively hard-to-access stacks of university libraries, N.C. State is joining a handful of research universities making them available in cyberspace. ... Putting them online will spread the wealth of good information contained inside." (Sources: The Charlotte Observer; 7/28/97; The News & Observer, 8/3/97)
safer on campus
Violent crime on college campuses has decreased to 65 reported violent crimes per 100,000 students in 1994, compared with 71 per 100,000 in 1993 and 68 per 100,000 in 1992. In addition, the report found that young adults on campus are much safer than those on the outside. The reported murder rate on campus in 1994 was 0.1 per 100,000 individuals compared with 22 per 100,000 people for all adults aged 18 to 24. For more information, contact the National Center for Education Statistics. (Source: American Demographics, 7/9/97)
China levies fee on scholars
Currently, all government-sponsored scholars must sign a form saying that they will pay back all tuition assistance if they do not return to China promptly after finishing their studies. The $6,000 bond is an effort to expand on this concept.
More than 3,000 Chinese scholars receive government funds to study outside the country each year, many do not return. Official figures are not available, but there are estimates that about 95 percent remain in the country where they studied. (Source: Academe Today, 8/14/97)
More affluent students attending public
The study's authors attribute the jump partly to the fact that institutions have become more dependent on tuition dollars in the face of decreasing state funds. University of Southern California Dean Morton Schapiro said this situation has forced institutions to become "less than forthright" about need-based admissions policies. Co-author Michael McPherson, president of Macalester College, added that state legislatures are putting pressure on institutions to demonstrate the high quality of their students, prompting public colleges and universities to increase merit-based aid instead of need-based awards.
The authors also cite the rising cost of private higher education as a contributing factor.
According to the study, the average cost to attend one year at a private institution is $11,600 compared with about $3,000 at a public college and university. This, coupled with the growing perception that publics offer the same quality education as privates, is leading to a more "consumerist" approach to college is emerging.
McPherson and Schapiro, two seasoned economists who have conducted extensive research on higher education and finance, will present their findings in a new book called The Student Aid Game, to be published in November. (Source: Academe Today, 8/14/97)
in fund raising
Moreover, many deans understand the importance of private funding and are already seasoned solicitors. (Source: The Chronicle of Higher Education, 7/18/97)
Reprinted, with permission, from CASE Flash Points.